Mahmut Gazi Yaşargil is a Turkish medical scientist and neurosurgeon (born on July 6, in Lice, Diyarbakır, Turkey). He is the founder of microneurosurgery. Yaşargil treated epilepsy and brain tumors with instruments of his own design. From until his retirement in he was first resident, chief resident and then professor and chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery, University of Zurich and the Zurich University Hospital. In he was honored as "Neurosurgery’s Man of the Century " at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting.